One of the many bulbs that work in Florida, crinum lilies are a hallmark of Southern gardens and have been cherished and cultivated by gardeners for years. Plus, there are several species and dozens of varieties available.
Crinums produce fragrant flowers that gently nod atop 3- to 5-foot stalks and come in a range of whites and pinks, depending on the species and variety. Plus, the straplike, evergreen foliage provides year-round interest in the yard.
Crinums work well in the Florida landscape because of their easygoing nature. Many crinums have been known to grow for years on old home sites or cemeteries with little or no care. They are resistant to drought, although some also dont mind having their feet wet. Crinum americanum, also called swamp lily, is a Florida native and works great on the banks of ponds and streams.
Another perk of crinums is that they are easy to divide, so you can add crinums to other areas of your yard or to pass them along to a neighbor. Be aware that it may take a few years for the plants to reflower. Crinums are best divided in the winter when they are not actively growing. Dig around the clump, lift it, and then remove several offshoot bulbs. Just be careful, as some crinum bulbs can weigh up to 40 pounds!
Plant your crinum in partial shade for best results, though they will grow just about anywhere. They are equally at home in dry sandy soils and on moist pond banks.
Although they are generally easy to care for, crinums do have a few enemies. In some cases, crinums can be affected by red blotch fungus or crinum mosaic potyvirus, which causes yellow streaks in the leaves. Spider mites can sometimes be a problem. Crinums are also a favorite buffet item for the Eastern lubber grasshoppers.
- Crinum americanum String Lily, Swamp Lily
- Crinum asiaticum (PDF)
- Crinum spp. Crinum Lily
- Crinum x amabile Giant Spider Lily
Also on Gardening in a Minute
- Crinum--Pacific Bulb Society
- Crinum americanum L. Crinum lily--Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
- Crinum asiaticum, Grand Crinum Lily--Floridata.com
- Crinum Lilies Captivate Gardeners--Southern Living
- Crinum X powellii, Cape lily--Floridata.com